The Clear Science staff has been having some trouble with the Clear Science servers, which jumped the gun and published Friday’s photo of a molten soldering bath ahead of schedule. The Clear Science Director of Communications says we should leave it up instead of deleting and reposting. Well OK!
We’re going to talk about Game Theory for a while. Game theory is kind of what it sounds like: an attempt to understand behavior in strategic situations, when individuals are in competition. Game theory is used a lot in evolutionary biology and the social sciences, and is considered an applied branch of mathematics. Research in the field is often done using computer simulations.
The Clear Science director of public relations wants it to be pointed out that the next 2 posts will have some math. Standard Clear Science advice applies: If it is too much, just let it wash past and see if you can see the idea behind it.
The work of Planck showed that light, normally thought of as a wave, can have properties like a particle. As in: there are discrete quantities of light, called photons, much like there are discrete balls on a billiard table.
The uncertainty principle showed that things we think of as particles are not located in a definite place, but rather have a set of places they can be located in, within our “certainty.” Or, put another way, they have wave-like behavior.